Coal Inspectorate | Bulletin | No.205 V 1 | 07 October 2022
Lightning conditions during storms create hazards that need to be managed by operators to ensure that risk to workers remains at an acceptable level. RSHQ’s resources safety acts require that risk from operations must remain at an acceptable level at all times and that steps should be taken to eliminate hazards where it is reasonable to do so.
The safest way to eliminate hazards related to lightning conditions is to cease activities when lightning is detected within close proximity to a work site.
RSHQ recently commissioned an expert review to consider the hazards arising from conducting operation during lightning activity and their relative risk to the safety of resources workers.
Hazards arising when using vehicles during lightning conditions
The report identified 10 hazards relating to the use of vehicles during lightning conditions. Each hazard has been assessed to establish the qualitative change in risk from the standard situation where work ceases and workers remain in a safe shelter until the lightning activity has passed.
Each of the below hazards should be considered by operators when conducting risk assessments for carrying out surface activities during lightning activity.
|1||Exposure to high voltage while in close quarters to - but outside of - vehicles, i.e., flashover injury, touch and step potential voltage.||High / substantial increase|
|2||Exposure to high voltage while in an open area, i.e., direct strike, step potential, side flash.||High / substantial increase|
|3||Tyre rupture or explosion via pyrolysis, i.e, projectiles, shockwaves, loss of vehicle control.||High / substantial increase|
|4||Exposure to high voltage via UHF wiring or other conducting surfaces whilst inside vehicle, i.e., touch voltage.||Moderate increase|
|5||Exposure to high voltage while sitting in cabin, i.e., direct strike, touch voltage, side flash.||Moderate increase|
|6||Initiation of other fires whilst inside vehicle, i.e., wiring electronics, batteries, fuel, interior furnishings etc.||Low / slight increase|
|7||Driver exposed to projectiles, i.e., fallen trees and branches or projectile rocks and pavement.||Negligible / low increase|
|8||Hearing loss, shock and mental trauma.||Negligible / low increase|
|9||Loss of electrical systems and controls leading to collision.||Negligible / low increase|
|10||Driver distraction and human error leading to collision.||Negligible / low increase|
Considerations for high and moderate increase hazards
The information below should be considered by operators in relation to assessing hazards identified as having a high / substantial or moderate risk increase when operations continue during lightning activity.
In each case, the best control to ensure risk to workers remains at an acceptable level is to cease work, park vehicles up in a safe location away from workers and ensure workers remain in a safe shelter that has been designed with lightning protection systems to industrial standards, such as AS1768:2021, until lightning has ceased.
1) Exposure to high voltage while in close quarters to - but outside of - vehicles
Remaining outside a vehicle cabin, but in close proximity to the vehicle, creates additional hazards, including:
2) Exposure to high voltage while in an open area
Workers who remain in open areas during lightning activity are exposed to a significant risk of a direct lightning strike. They may also be exposed to step potential and flash injuries if they seek unsuitable shelter (such as under a tree).
3) Tyre rupture or explosion via pyrolysis
Lightning strikes can cause pyrolysis-related tyre explosions. Tyres inflated with nitrogen have a similar risk profile to air-inflated tyres and the use of nitrogen fill in haul truck tyres is not considered to be a reliable means of reducing the risk of tyre pyrolysis and explosions due to:
4) Risks to workers whilst inside cabs of vehicles
Vehicle cabins are not perfect Faraday cages, meaning that a worker is still at risk of serious injury or death if they remain within a vehicle during an active lightning event. This is because:
Risk to emergency response personnel
Emergency response personnel are exposed to additional hazards when responding to incidents and accidents at mine sites as they are more likely to be required to leave their vehicles to carry out their duties. This increases their risk of exposure to being struck by projectiles or exposed to high voltage from direct strike, flashover injury, touch potential and step potential.
Assessment of the risk of conducting operations during lightning events is site dependent. However, at a minimum, the following controls should be considered as part of a risk assessment process and implemented unless alternative controls can be demonstrated to ensure risk to workers is managed to an equivalent level:
Site Senior Executives should review all components of the site’s Safety and Health Management Systems that relate to conducting operations during lightning activity to ensure that risks to workers can be managed to an acceptable level at all times.
The review should consider each of the hazards identified in this safety bulletin. Risk assessment processes should be conducted with a cross-section of the workforce responsible for performing the tasks that are being assessed and participating workers should be fully informed about the hazards and resulting risks to workers arising during lighting events.
RSHQ inspectors will be conducting audits during storm season to ensure that all sites have identified and implemented appropriate controls to manage risk to resources workers to an acceptable level during lightning events.
Contact: Neville Atkinson, Senior Inspector of Mines (Electrical) , 0417 646 123 QldMinesInspectorate@rshq.qld.gov.au
Issued by Resources Safety & Health Queensland
All information on this page (Risk management during lightning events - https://www.rshq.qld.gov.au/safety-notices/mines/risk-management-during-lightning-events) is correct as of time of printing (Dec 3, 2023 8:03 pm).